Kaal Bhairav Jayanti, also known as Maha Kala Bhairava Jayanthi or Kaal Bhairav Ashtami is believed to be the appearance day of Lord Kaal Bhairav, the fierce form of Lord Shiva. It is observed on the 8th day during the Krishna Paksha in the month of Margashirsha in North Indian calendars. In 2010 Kaal Bhairav Jayanti date is November 28th in traditional Hindu calendar.
Kaal Bhairav Ashtami is dedicated to Lord Shiva and on this day he is worshipped as Kaal Bhairav is the God of Time. Kaal means ‘time’ and ‘Bhairav’ the manifestation of Shiva. All krishna paksha ashtamis are dedicated to Bhairav ji, but out of the 12 krishna ashtamis in a year, the one which falls in the month of Margashirsha is very auspicious. It is believed that on this day, Lord Kala Bhairav appeared on Earth.
Kaal bhairav is a terrific manifestation of Lord Shiva. He is the protector of the pious city "Kaashi" (
The legend or the story of Kaalbhairav and his divine avatar is mentioned in the Shiva Maha Purana. Legend has it that Lord Shiva cut the fifth head of Lord Brahma on this day and performed penance. In this form Shiva is believed to punish the sinners. Another Myth is that once a controversy arose among Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva and Lord Brahma that who was the greatest of them. Lord Shiva, infuriated by a chance remark of Brahma, took the form of Kaal Bhairav and cut off one of the faces of Lord Brahma.
Devotees of Lord Shiva observe special prayers and rituals on this occasion. On this day, Lord Kaal Bhairav is worshipped in all temples and his vehicle dog is fed with milk and sweets. Fasting undertaken on this day is considered to wash away all sins and save one from the havoc of time. This day is beneficial for Tantra puja, Security puja, Kalsarpa puja, Black magic removing puja, Shakti puja. Pitra dosha nivarana puja, Sharddha. Kaal Bhairav is pleased with deep daan. Chant the following mantra while worshiping Kaal Bhairava :